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    Female infertility

    Female infertility

    Almost one third of women have problems with reproduction function. Infertility can be influenced by deregulations or severe illness. If endocrine profile is defective, chances to conceive decrease; this means that egg cells do not mature and ovulation does not happen, or a fertilized egg cell can not attach.

    Hormonal causes

    There are many deregulations of female menstrual cycle that cause poor maturation of ovum or problems with implantation. Following deregulations are the most widespread:

    • Congenital absence of the vas deferens (CBAVD) – ovarium cystis. Meaning not only the genuine cystis, but also big quantity of small eggs, follicles which can not mature and fade. This fading egg cells can be screened and they will look like a small cystis. There are two causes of CBAVD: increased outcome of androsterone and insulin resistance.
    • Insulin resistance: overweight intensifies not only CBAVD, but also insulin resistance (often occurs together with CBAVD). Insulin resistance causes an increased production of insulin.
    • Increased androsterone: circa one third of women with irregular menstruation have an increased androsterone. This can lead to defective fertilization of egg cells or to a complete absence of ovulation. Alike symptoms as CBAVD can be observed.
    • Increased lactation hormone: Hyperprolactinemia is a hypophisis failure (pituitary gland). For many women it is a cause of problematic ovulation or absence of menstruation. Increased level of lactation hormone negatively influences hypothalamus and obstructs ovulation hormone and egg cells fertilization.
    • Insufficient functioning of thyroid gland: Insufficient functioning of thyroid gland can be the reason of the above described lactation hormone and can cause described effects for ovulation. Hyper function – is a sub function of thyroid gland.
    • Hypophisis: pituitary gland failure can take place in 10% of women, whose menstruation was hormone assisted. Women who suffer anorexia, go info elite sport, often have stress, can suffer such a disease.
    • Premature menopause: in 1% of all women, functional loss of ovarian occurs before 40. It is referred to premature menopause period. There are many diverse causes of this problem, but there are not completely explained.
    • Deficiency of yellow body: it is one of the most widespread reasons for female infertility. When ovulation starts, and then starts the forming of yellow body. After ovulation yellow body hormone controls the preparation of endometrium to the embryo implantation.

    Organic causes:

    Ovulation and successful fertilization can prevent not only the violation of female hormonal balance. Also such reasons as cystis fusion and tumor can be the cause of:

    • Damage of Fallopian tubes: in two third of cases, this is a reason for female infertility. If Fallopian tubes are discontinuous, bond or narrowed, then semen can not get into the egg cell, so that the fertilized egg cell can not get into alvus.
    • Cicatrization of vesical cervix because of inflammation or operation leads to the fact that semen can not get into fallopian tube and can not fertilize an egg cell.
    • Myoma: Myomas (benign muscular tumors) depending on their size can cause infertility and result in miscarriages and problems during pregnancy.
    • Endometriosis: chronic, benign proliferation of mucous coat. Endometriosis is very painful and can result in fusion and bonding of fallopian tubes.

    Age and lifestyle

    Lifestyle influences hormonal balance greatly. If a woman leads unhealthy living, often has stress and is in years, it all will have an impact on hormonal balance.

    • Age: egg cells grow older together with an organism. Egg cells’ aging can result in chromosome changes, which can cause absence fertilization and increase a variety of miscarriages and child’s chromosome defectiveness.
    • Overweight also negatively influences the possibility of conceiving a child. Overweight can be connected with following hormonal misbalance: insulin resistance, increased androsterone, lactation hormone, CBAVD syndrome, insufficient functioning of thyroid gland.
    • Underweight can also negatively affect an ability to conceive a child. If a woman is underweight, body classifies it as hunger and pregnancy can harm the mom’s health. Brain receives a signal that reproduction processes should decrease.
    • Stress. Physical activities also have their effect on hormonal balance of a woman. If a woman often has stress it is necessary to measure prolactin level. This effect is also connected with hormonal reasons.
    • Medication taking also influences hormonal balance. It is necessary to discuss medication treatment with a doctor before having a child.
    • Immune system. In some cases there is a variety that woman’s immune system will consider egg cells to be a foreign matter.

    Venereal diseases

    Some contagions that are sexually transmitted can restrict fertility. Among these are chlamydia and blennurethria. Women and men who had such venereal diseases can become infertile in future.

    • Chlamydia: Chlamydia infection is a common cause of women’s sterility and miscarriages. Venereal diseases can bring to alvus fusion and fallopian tube sticking. In this case a woman can not conceive naturally. Unfortunately, it is hard to identify this infection in a body and it can appear again and again. A pregnant woman can transmit them to a child.
    • Blennurethria: very often such disease ad blennurethria is hard to defect, as it hardly has any symptoms. It is a most common genital disease. Blennurethria that did not undergo treatment can have consequences for many organs, including genitals. It can also lead to organic damaging, then – sterility of a woman. Pregnant women can transmit this disease to a new born. If this problem is not discovered timely, it can lead to loss of vision of a new born.

    Heritable diseases:

    Heritable diseases can change chromosomes and lead to the disruption of body’s reproductive processes; also there is a possibility of miscarriage.

    Heritable diseases have numerous distinguishing features. Detailed genetic tests give copious information about the causes.